What is it - Warli painting is a type of tribal art, mostly created by the tribal people from the North Sahyadri Range of Maharashtra in India. This range encompasses cities like Dahanu, Talasari, Jawhar, Palghar, Mokhada and Vikramgarh of Palghar district. In Maharashtra this art is still practiced today. Warli paintings are believed to be one of the oldest from of art in histroy.
Meaning of Warli - The Warli or Varli are an indigenous tribe (Adivasi), living in mountainous as well as coastal areas along the Maharashtra-Gujarat border and surrounding areas. They have their own animistic beliefs, life, customs and traditions, and as a result of acculturation they have adopted many Hindu beliefs.
History of Warli art - The Warli tribe is one of the largest tribe in India, located outside of Mumbai. The style of Warli painting was not recognised until the 1970s, even though the tribal's style of art is thought to date back as early as 10th century A.D The Warli culture is centered around the concept of Mother nature and elements of nature are often focal point depicted in Warli painting. Farming is there main way of life and a large source of food for the tribe. They greatly respect the nature and wildlife for the resources that they provide for life.
Warli artists use their clay huts as the backdrops for their paintings. It is not just an art from, but a way of life for the warli tribes from the coastal regions of Maharashtra.
In 1970s, this ritual art took a radical turn when Jivya Soma Mashe and his son Balu Mashe started to paint. They painted not for ritual purposes, but because of their artistic persuits. Jivya is known as the 'modern father of warli painting'.